SOC or Security Operations Center – not to be confused with SoC (“System on a Chip) – is the core component of a serious business security strategy.
Simply put, a SOC assures threat detection and prevention in real time and makes sure that the protection of the data of clients and users is always optimal.
As professionals, managers, entrepreneurs, and internet users, we are not completely aware that the threat of malicious actors is skyrocketing nowadays. As actual fact, cyberattacks are increasingly damaging organizations. Every year billions of people suffer from cyberattacks and data leaks, too.
A SOC may be expensive and many organizations do not go beyond their IT department when considering security.
Very often, however, the actual costs of an attack may be much higher that the SOC itself: both in financial and reputational terms.
Curious? Learn more about this crucial constituent of security against threats below, then!
First and foremost, Security Operations Centers monitor and analyse activity on networks, servers, endpoints, databases, applications, websites, and other systems.
Basically, they hunt for anomalous activity that may be indicative of a security incident or compromise.
In other words, then, the SOC is responsible for ensuring that potential security incidents are correctly identified, analyzed, defended, investigated, and reported.
To do so, they use a combination of technological solutions and a strong set of procedures and processes.
To be fully effective, the premises of the SOC itself have to be secure, moreover. This is what security professional refer to the term “physical security”.
Therefore, businesses should not neglect it. SOCs can do their work at their best, once organizations have secured them. Indeed, intrusion may originate from a poorly-secured SOC.
Finally, SOCs employ a wide range of professionals with high technical qualifications in cybersecurity such as engineers and security analysts. Also, they work in coordination with incident response team of the organization.
How it works and benefits
Rather than just designing a security architecture, a typical SOC infrastructure includes firewalls, IPS/IDS, breach detection solutions, probes, and a security information and event management (SIEM) system.
This technology should be in place to collect data via data flows, telemetry, packet capture, syslog. Also, other methods exist.
Finally, once the SOC collects this data activity, SOC staff correlates and analyses it.
However, you should remember that SOCs work when organizations set a very clear security strategy behind them. Owning a SOC per se does not guarantee security, then. Executives both a should make it clear when designing the security of the organization they work for.
Turning now to benefits, SOCs have great value. They run every day of the year on 24/7 basis. Thus, this means they assure continuous protection.
Secondly, they decrease the elapsed time between compromise and actual response. Time savings can really make a difference in dealing with violations.
Thirdly, reducing the effects of a breach means reducing its costs. SOCs are generally expensive. However, they cost nothing compared – for instance – to the costs of data theft concerning industrial secrets. We have already covered this in the blog concerning the Campari case.
In conclusion, a SOC is one of the first lines of defense against attacks and breaches.
They may cost a lot, but they rescues businesses from a lot a troubles.
Having a SOC per se does not guarantee complete security, however. A SOC is fully effective, once an organization set a very clear security strategy at its base.
Notwithstanding, a serious security strategy always include a SOC. If you aim to protect your business and its secrets, you must have it.